The world will be watching the U.S. presidential election on Tuesday, November 3, but 24 hours later, there will be another extremely serious news event when the United States formally leaves the Paris climate agreement. “We have worked very hard to ensure that every country in the world can join this new agreement. And so, by losing one, we feel like we have failed. The EU and its member states are individually responsible for ratifying the Paris Agreement. There was a strong preference for the EU and its 28 Member States to simultaneously table their ratification instruments to ensure that neither the EU nor its Member States commit to obligations that belong exclusively to the other and there was concern that there was a disagreement over each Member State`s share of the EU-wide reduction target. just as Britain`s vote to leave the EU could delay the Paris pact.  However, on 4 October 2016, the European Parliament approved the ratification of the Paris Agreement and the EU tabled its ratification instruments on 5 October 2016 with several EU Member States.  The agreement should be easier to adhere to than to leave. The United States has even helped to be a spearhead that would force countries to keep their promises, in part to protect themselves from regime change and other global political turbulence.
The pioneering agreement reached in 2015 aims to limit global warming to a level “well below” 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial temperatures. But in June 2017, U.S. President Donald Trump announced that the United States – the world`s second-largest emitter of greenhouse gases – would pull out of the agreement. The agreement essentially links each nation`s promise of voluntary emissions within a single forum, knowing that over time countries will set even stricter targets. The United States, under President Barack Obama, has promised to cut its emissions by about 28% from 2005 levels by 2025, but progress has been halted under the Trump administration. The United States, which has always ratified the UN`s 187 list, began withdrawing from the agreement in 2019 and will withdraw on November 4 of that year. President Donald Trump doubts that greenhouse gas emissions are causing dangerous levels of global warming. If Donald Trump is re-elected and the United States does not participate in the Paris agreement, other nations could probably adopt less aggressive measures to combat climate change. The United States is the largest historical contribution to climate change, although it has only 4% of the world`s population. Petitions have been launched across the country to convince state governors to accede to the Paris Agreement or cancel Trump`s planned withdrawal, which included a “ParisMyState” and a MoveOn petition, which received more than 535,000 signatures.     There are certain reporting obligations to ensure that countries move forward, but the Trump administration has despised them and has suffered no consequences so far. Some successes have been achieved in reducing emissions, but the work done so far by countries is not enough to limit the temperature increase to 2oC.
The world is already about 1C warmer than the pre-industrial period. You could be forgiven for thinking that the United States left the global agreement on climate change a long time ago. Since 2017, when President Trump announced his intention to abandon the pact, he has been talking about withdrawal as if it were a final deal. In fact, the exit from the Paris Agreement has been a long process. In June 2017, Mr. Trump held a press conference in the White House Rose Garden promising to withdraw from the agreement and said he was unfair to the United States, which would leave the agreement and then begin negotiations on readmission or a new agreement “on a level playing field for the United States.”